Learn About Black Bears

Learn about the beautiful black bear that is the only bear species found in Florida.

Black bears are generally black with a brown muzzle and may have a white chest marking called a blaze

Adult male black bears usually weigh between 250 and 350 lbs. The largest black bear in FL was killed in January 2015 at 740 lbs in Seminole County. Adult female black bears are smaller than males, usually weighing between 130 and 180 lbs. The largest adult female black bear in Florida weighed 383 lbs.

Adult male black bears usually live within a 60 square mile area, whereas females usually live within a 15 square mile area.

Female bears have their first litter at about 3 ½ years old and generally have a litter every other year.

In Florida, the breeding season runs from June to August, and cubs are born around late January or early February.

Bears are excellent climbers and often climb trees when they are frightened.

About 80 percent of a black bear’s diet comes from plants (e.g., fruits, nuts, berries), 15 percent from insects (e.g., termites, ants, yellow jackets) and 5 percent from meat (e.g., opossums, armadillos, carrion).